1. Organize: create semi-autonomous units (“organs”), that can produce value independently and are responsible for their own development
  2. Communicate: support the flow of information between units
  3. Coordinate: plan; support alignment between units; resolve conflict and optimize
  4. Observe: obtain relevant information about the state of the organization, the state of the environment, and the exchange
  5. Model: maintain a model of the organization itself, it’s relevant environment, and the exchange between the two
  6. Strategize: analyze available data; predict potential and risk; develop strategies
  7. Understand: create identity through comprehending motive, purpose, values and boundaries
  8. Work: realize the objectives of the organization; create value